4. The Independent Labour Party in Scotland

The Independent Labour Party (ILP) was founded in Bradford in January 1893 and had a seminal role in the subsequent development of the Labour Party from 1900 until the 1930s.  Labour leaders like Keir Hardie, Ramsay MacDonald and Philip Snowden were early members of the ILP and the party had a major role in the politics of Red Clydeside before, during and after the 1st World War, with MPs like James Maxton, Emmanuel Shinwell and John Wheatley becoming national figures. The role and achievements of the ILP comprise a constant subject for labour historians and several SLHS journal articles engage with it.

A list of articles, dealing with different aspects of the Independent Labour Party in Scotland, which have appeared in the Scottish Labour History Society journal, is appended below the main bibliography.

Frank Bealey & Henry Pelling, Labour and Politics 1900-1906 (1958)

Caroline Benn, Keir Hardie (1997)

Gordon Brown, James Maxton (1986)

Ian Bullock, Under Siege: The Independent Labour Party in Interwar Britain (2017)

G Cohen, Failure of a Dream: The ILP from Disaffiliation to World War II (2007)

Colin Crouch, Philip Snowden (1966)

Robert E Dowse, Left in the Centre (1966)

J B Glasier & K St John Conway, The Religion of Socialism (1890)

I Donnachie, C Harvie & I Wood (eds), Forward! Labour Politics in Scotland 1888-1988 (1989)

W M Haddow, My Seventy Years (1943)

Keir Hardie, From Serfdom to Socialism (1907)

David Howell, British Workers and the Independent Labour Party 1888-1906 (1983)

David Kirkwood, My Life of Revolt (1935)

William Knox, James Maxton (1986)

Carl Levy (ed), Socialism and the Intelligentsia 1880-1914 (1987)

David Lowe, From Pit to Parliament: The Story of the Early Life of James Keir Hardie (1923)

David Lowe, Souvenirs of Scottish Labour (1919)

Catriona MacDonald, The Radical Thread: Political Change in Scotland, Paisley Politics 1885-1924 (2000)

David Marquand, Ramsay Macdonald (1977)

James Maxton, Keir Hardie, Prophet and Pioneer (1939)

Alan McKinlay & R J Morris (eds), The ILP on Clydeside 1893-1932: From Foundation to Disintegration (1991)

Iain McLean, The Legend of Red Clydeside (1983)

R K Middlemas, The Clydesiders: A Left-Wing Struggle for Parliamentary Power (1965)

K O Morgan, Keir Hardie, Radical and Socialist (1975) 

Henry Pelling, Origins of the Labour Party 1880-1900 (1966)

Henry Pelling, Popular Politics & Society in Late Victorian Britain (1979)

S Pierson, British Socialism: The Journey from Fantasy to Politics (1979)

Fred Reid, Keir Hardie: The Making of a Socialist (1978)

H R Smart, The Independent Labour Party: Its Programme and Policy (1893)

Robert Smillie, My Life for Labour (1924)

J Smyth, Labour in Glasgow 1896-1936: Socialism, Suffrage, Sectarianism (2000)

Philip Snowden, Autobiography: Volume 1 (1934)

Laurence Thompson, The Enthusiasts: A Biography of John & Katherine Bruce Glasier (1971)

Paul Thompson, Socialists, Liberals and Labour: The Struggle for London 1885-1914 (1967)

C Watts & L Davies, Cunninghame Graham: A Critical Biography (1979)

Articles on aspects of the Independent Labour Party published in Scottish Labour History
These can be found via the journal indexes elsewhere on the website.

R C Brewer, The Independent Labour Party in Angus 1908-18 – Vol 22 / 1987 / pp11-21

D Carrigan, Patrick Dollan and the Glasgow labour movement: a reappraisal – Vol 51 / 2016 / pp134-153

R Duncan, Motherwell for Moscow: Walton Newbold, Revolutionary Politics and the Labour Movement in a Lanarkshire Constituency 1918-1922 – Vol 28 / 1993 / pp47-70

J Foster, Scotland and the Russian Revolution – Vol 23 / 1988 / pp3-14

T Gallagher, Red Clyde's Double Anniversary – Vol 20 / 1985 / pp4-13

D Howell, Beyond the Stereotypes: the Independent Labour Party 1922-1932 – Vol 29 / 1994 / pp17-49

A Hughes, 'The Politics of the Kitchen' and the dissenting domestics: the ILP, labour women and the female 'citizens' of inter-war Clydeside – Vol 34 / 1999 / pp34-51

W Knox, Keir Hardie and the Trade Unions – Vol 50 / 2015 / pp72-80

J Macwhirter, Internationalism and the British Labour Movement 1917-27 – Vol 6 / 1972ii / pp26-54

C Martin, Competition and co-operation: the ILP and the SDF, 1888-1914 – Vol 52 / 2017 / pp54-67

J McKay, Red Clydeside after 75 Years: A Reply to Iain McLean – Vol 31 / 1996 / pp85-94

A McKinlay & M Black, 'Never at Rest': the Diary of John S Taylor, 1885-1916 – Vol 29 / 1994 / pp50-62

I McLean, Red Clydeside after 25 Years – Vol 29 / 1994 / pp98-111

C W Miller, Forward to Obscurity: Another Dimension to the Decline of the Radical Left on 1930s Clydeside – Vol 47 / 2012 / pp91-109

L Orr, 'Shall We Not Speak for Ourselves?' Helen Crawfurd, War Resistance and the Women's Peace Crusade 1916-1918 – Vol 50 / 2015 / pp97-115

I Sweeney, Local Party Politics and the Temperance Crusade, Glasgow 1890-1902 – Vol 27 / 1992 / pp44-63

J T Ward, Tory Socialist: Michael Maltman Barry 1842-1909 – Vol 2 / 1970i / pp25-37